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                                  Force Paradigm Seminar Training

                                       Connecticut Pistol Permit Class

                                        13thjuror Use of Force Training Seminars

13th Juror, LLC




Updated: March 16, 2017

Can a cop really do that?

To understand police conduct, you must understand their police training and experience. Training is the 13thJuror™ To understand a particular officer's 'state of mind', you must understand how an 'objectively reasonable' officer's mind is trained.

Public employees are “the members of a community most likely to have informed and definite opinions” about a wide range of matters related, directly or indirectly, to their employment. Courts balance the First Amendment interest of the employee against “the interest of the State, as an employer, in promoting the efficiency of the public services it performs through its employees.”...42 U.S.C. § 1985(2) protects expert witnesses...because individuals working in law enforcement "are often in the best position to know" about the occurrence of official misconduct, "it is essential" that such well-placed individuals "be able to speak out freely" about official misconduct...Kinney v. Weaver, 367 F.3d 337 (5th Cir. 04/15/2004); Swartzwedler v. McNeilly, 297 F.3d 228 (3d Cir. 07/19/2002); Hoover v. Morales, 164 F.3d 221 (5th Cir. 12/31/1998); SHELTON POLICE UNION, INC. v. VOCCOLA, 125 F.Supp.2d 604 (D. Conn. 01/02/2001)

    CopLaw Update - Deadly Force

Connecticut Gun Violence Prevention Act

Kachalsky v Westchester Self-Defense is NOT Proper Cause to Carry a Firearm

CopLaw Update Kachalsky v Westchester

Kachalsky Proper Cause Firearm Complaint

Connecticut v LaFleur Fists are Not Dangerous Instruments

Zimmerman Arrest Warrant

13thjuror Brochure

13thjuror Use of Force Training Seminars

"Coplaw CD"

 East Haven Police 14141 Findings Letter - Racial Discrimination

Murtha v Hartford Indemnification 53-39a Upheld by Connecticut Supreme Court

Lawlor v Hartford Indemnification Ruling

Murtha Labor Board Arbitration Ruling

Walsh Labor Board Arbitration Ruling

CopLaw Update - Don't Touch Me!

Oxymoron Shirt Lift Frisk

'Something' is Not a 'Gun'

Massachusetts v Bolduc - Trigger Lock Unconstitutional

Memory & the Law - Research Study

CopLaw Update - Gun Draw Justification

Less Lethal Weapon Effectiveness, Use of Force, and Suspect & Officer Injuries

Connecticut v Burroughs Constitutional Standards Defined for Seizure

Blake v City of New York - Deadly Force Standard

Heller Gun Possession Constitutional

Coplaw Update - Connecticut v Silva - Interfering with an Officer CGS 53a-167a

Coplaw Update - Bingue v Prunchak Pursuit Standard - Intent to Harm

Coplaw Update - Price v Sery Deadly Force Decision Training

Coplaw Update - Beaver v Federal Way - Multiple use of Taser as Excessive Force

Coplaw Update - Connecticut v. Jenkins Unlawful MV Stop Search & Seizure

Coplaw Update - Deaths in Custody

Coplaw Update - Firefighters Professional Rescuer Rule

Coplaw Update - Connecticut V Smith Reasonable Officer Threat Assessment

Coplaw Update - Suspiciousless Terry Stop Frisk Transport OK'd


Coplaw Update - Deadly Force


Coplaw Update - Scott V Harris Pursuit Standard


Coplaw Update - Probable Cause

Law Enforcement Officer as Defendant

The Mind-Field Test - Standards of Conduct

Mind-Field Test - PowerPoint Presentation

Officer safety

Officer Safety - PowerPoint

I.C.E. Principle